Minnesota strawberry seasons starting soon

Minnesota strawberry farmers are looking forward to another great strawberry season, thanks to good growing conditions this year and diligent overwintering efforts by local farmers. Strawberry fields across the state are on par for normal opening dates and promising harvests.

 Strawberries first ripen in south-central Minnesota and progress north. Southern and metro area berries are expected to be ready in the third and fourth weeks of June. Northern growers anticipate picking and harvest in early July.

Strawberry picking

Colly Nelson of Lengby taste tests the strawberries Friday morning while picking at Ter Lee Gardens south of Bagley as brother-in-law Ray Nelson keeps on picking (photo from bemidjipioneer.com)

 “The berries look phenomenal. This is probably as good as we’ve ever seen them look,” said David Lorence, from Lorence Berry Farm in Northfield, Minnesota. “They look marvelous.”

 Loralee Nennich from Ter Lee Gardens in Bagley, Minnesota noted her berry plants have made it safely through the winter, “We are seeing green leaf growth already, and the plants seem on track for our normal picking dates.” Minnesota strawberry farmers take great care to protect plants in the winter and spring if snow cover is not substantial enough to protect them from low temperatures.  Conditions vary from day to day and from farm to farm. Tessa Ganser from the Minnesota Grown Program at the Minnesota Department of Agriculture suggests calling your berry farm before visiting. “Call ahead and ask your local farmer about availability and conditions,” said Tessa. “Enjoy the plentiful berry crop this year by picking berries with your friends or family. Picking can be a fun and healthy summer day-trip. Don’t forget to pack the sunscreen and wear comfortable shoes for a great day.”

Minnesota Grown

Consult the Minnesota Grown Directory for the nearest strawberry farms that allow you to pick your own berries (photo from Minnesota Grown)

The 2015 Minnesota Grown Directory includes 86 strawberry farms with pick-your-own, pre-picked or both. You can quickly find the nearest berry farm by visiting        www.minnesotagrown.com and entering your city or zip code. When you’re on thewebsite, don’t miss the “What’s in Season Chart” at the bottom of the homepage. Consumers can also order a copy of the FREE printed Minnesota Grown Directory by calling 1-888-TOURISM or online at www.minnesotagrown.com.

Farmers struggle to find immigrant labor supply

“Imagine going to bed at night and not knowing if you’re going to have enough people to help pick your crops.” That’s how Bernie Thiel, a farmer from Lubbock, Texas, describes the challenge farmers face in finding enough labor to run their operations.

Farmers in the south typically use a lot of immigrant labor, but it’s become harder to find the help they need. This is why agriculture across the country is watching the nation’s immigration debate, and wondering if workers will be available in the future.

Bernie Thiel, Jr.

Bernie Thiel, Jr., farms near Lubbock, TX, and is having a hard time finding enough labor to complete his harvests every year (photo from oklahomafarmreport.com)

“Being in the business as long as I have, I’ve got people who’ve worked for me for 25 to 35 years,” said Thiel. “These are laborers who come from Mexico every year, and they’ve shown up for a long time. The problem is my labor force has gotten older and harder to come by now.”

Said Thiel; “There’s no new generation of laborers since the Reagan years, when we got amnesty in 1986. That’s where a lot of the hands I’m using now came from. I do get a few of my hired hands that have families and will come over and help.”

“As far as finding help locally, it’s virtually impossible,” said Thiel. “I do advertise on the radio. I had it on two Mexican-American stations all summer long, from the start of the season to the end. When the season ended up, I didn’t have one hand from those advertisements, and never kept a hand that did show up for more than two weeks.”

Other industries have begun to compete for immigrant labor, and it’s affecting farmers all over the country.

“In the last few years, we’ve had a demand for more laborers because of the oil industry,” said Bernie. “That has pulled some of my labor. Not a great deal of it, but my gosh, they start their workers at 18 to 20 dollars per hour.”

“Reading through some of the different periodicals, it’s not just me,” said Thiel. “This is happening nationwide. I read an article about a strawberry farmer in

Strawberry farming is an expensive proposition, and a California farmer spent 25,000 dollars an acre to plant a crop, and then plowed it under because of no labor available labor help (photo from mommasgottabake.com)

Strawberry farming is an expensive proposition, and a California farmer spent 25,000 dollars an acre to plant a crop, and then plowed it under because of no labor available labor help (photo from mommasgottabake.com)

California that plowed up 20 percent of his acreage. Keep in mind, it can cost up to 25,000 dollars an acre to grow strawberries.”

Thiel said he knows the sickening feeling that the farmer from California experienced.

“I’ve had to plow up squash for the last three years because I can’t find help,” said Bernie. “Of my normal plantings, I’ve had to plow up quite a bit because I couldn’t get it picked. This was marketable product that I already had a home for, but couldn’t get it harvested.”

Produce farmers aren’t the only ones feeling the pinch of a labor shortage. It’s hitting the dairy industry hard too.

John Rosenow is a dairy farmer from Cochran, Wisconsin, and he said the downturn for labor has gone on for several years.

“About 10 to 15 years ago, the local labor force dried up,” said Rosenow. As a result, the Wisconsin dairy industry became stagnant. People were afraid to grow their operation because they couldn’t find any help.”

John Rosenow is a dairy farmer in Wisconsin who’s having a hard time finding enough labor to help on the farm.  He’d like the nation’s immigration policy changed in order to assure a reliable supply of help for years to come (Photo from wisconsinwatch.com)

John Rosenow is a dairy farmer in Wisconsin who’s having a hard time finding enough labor to help on the farm. He’d like the nation’s immigration policy changed in order to assure a reliable supply of help for years to come (Photo from wisconsinwatch.com)

He said, “At that point, we discovered that Mexican immigrant labor was fantastic. They do an incredible job, work really hard, and they’re reliable. At that point, many operations began to hire Mexican labor, and the industry began to grow again.”

“Things improved, people started expanding, and the dairy industry improved in Wisconsin,” said Rosenow.

As the nation’s immigration debate continues, the labor force is once again shrinking in Wisconsin, and dairy farmers are feeling the pinch.

“Generally, everyone is short one or two people,” said Rosenow. “It’s because the inflow of Mexican labor from the south has dried up quite a bit.”

John said, “A large part of the downturn stems from border security. It’s a lot harder for people to cross the southern border. The fact that it’s gotten so much harder gives people less hope that they can come be part of this economy and industry.”

The need for reliable farm labor is growing again. “As far as people to milk the cows day in and day out, feed the calves, clean the barns, and other chores like that, I have not found anyone worth hiring, other than immigrant laborers, over the last 10 to 15 years.”

“If society wants to have an abundant supply of safe, wholesome food, produced here in the United States, which helps keep America secure, we have to have labor to do it,” said Rosenow. “That labor is going to have to come as immigrants.”